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10th October, 2022

What are the 4 types of emotional intelligence?

Posted in: Career Options

What are the 4 types of emotional intelligence?

For students, starting their professional journey can be both thrilling and challenging. As a fresh graduate stepping into the workforce, beyond technical skills and academic achievements, emotional intelligence plays a crucial role in your success. Understanding and honing your emotional intelligence is essential for building effective relationships.

Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognise, understand, and manage one’s own emotions, as well as empathise with and influence the emotions of others. It involves self-awareness, self-regulation, social awareness, and relationship management, contributing to effective communication, interpersonal skills, and success in various personal and professional contexts.

Let’s take a look at the four types of emotional intelligence and explore how they can be applied in your new job.

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Self-awareness: The Foundation of Emotional Intelligence

Self-awareness is at the core of emotional intelligence. It involves recognising and understanding your own emotions, strengths, weaknesses, values, and motivations. In a professional setting, self-awareness empowers you to navigate challenges, make informed decisions, and respond thoughtfully to various situations.

Example: Imagine you’re working on a team project, and tight deadlines are looming. Self-awareness prompts you to recognise that you thrive under pressure, allowing you to take the lead and guide your team effectively. Conversely, if you identify that you struggle with time management, self-awareness enables you to seek support, delegate tasks, or implement strategies to enhance your efficiency.

Self-regulation: Handling Storms with Emotional Control

Once you are aware of your emotions, the next step is self-regulation—the ability to manage and control your emotional responses. In a professional setting, self-regulation is crucial for maintaining composure, even in challenging situations. It involves thinking before reacting, staying calm under pressure, and adapting to changing circumstances.

Example: Picture a scenario where a colleague criticises your idea during a meeting. Instead of responding defensibly, self-regulation enables you to remain composed. You might acknowledge their perspective, ask for further insights, and use the feedback to refine your ideas. This not only demonstrates emotional maturity but also fosters a positive and collaborative work environment.

Social Awareness: Turning into the Workplace Symphony

Social awareness is the ability to understand and empathise with the emotions of others. It involves being attuned to non-verbal cues, recognising social dynamics, and demonstrating empathy in your interactions. Social awareness is instrumental in building positive relationships, fostering teamwork, and navigating the complex landscape of workplace relationships.

Example: Suppose you notice a team member appears stressed and disengaged. Social awareness prompts you to approach them, express concern, and offer support. By understanding their emotions, you can collaboratively find solutions or redistribute tasks to alleviate their workload. This not only strengthens your relationship with your colleague but also contributes to a more cohesive and supportive work environment.

Relationship management for professional harmony

Relationship management is the culmination of emotional intelligence, encompassing the ability to build and maintain positive relationships with others. It involves effective communication, conflict resolution, and collaboration. Strong relationship management skills are invaluable for creating a harmonious work environment, fostering teamwork, and achieving common goals.

Example: Consider a situation where your team is facing disagreement on the approach to a project. Instead of letting tensions escalate, your relationship management skills come into play. You facilitate a team discussion, encourage open communication, and work towards a consensus. By dealing with the conflict constructively, you contribute to a positive team dynamic and maintain a collaborative atmosphere.


As you step into the professional world, cultivating emotional intelligence is a game-changer. Self-awareness, self-regulation, social awareness, and relationship management are the four pillars that will guide you through the intricacies of workplace dynamics.

By developing these skills, you not only enhance your own career prospects but also contribute to creating a positive and thriving work environment.

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10TH OCTOBER, 2022

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